antenna towers
Smart grid connects all towers, homes, companies, etc.

Since the 1950s, the electricity grid has been continuously evolving. With the advancement of technology, it has improved. The number of digital technological units and the energy systems are constantly increasing. Therefore, modernization of the grid is very much needed. Smart Grid is the modernization of the electricity system.

Smart grid is one that includes a network of transmission lines, substations, transformers, etc. It delivers electricity from the power plant to our home or business. It allows two-way communication of electrical data. As a result, it enables real-time data collection. Above all, it has the capacity to manage energy generation better, ensuring an economically efficient, sustainable power system. On the other hand, low losses and high levels of quality and security of supply and safety are provided.

Smart Grid connection
Connection of all houses, companies, etc.

It allows producers to increase or decrease production accordingly. Thereby, enabling the deployment of renewable energy. Smart grids improve energy efficiency by reducing transmission loss. In short, it makes sure that an optimal amount of electricity is sent from the generators to consumers.

Why is it called so?

Compared to the one-way interaction of the electricity grids, smart grids integrate the action of all users in the network. This is done by using computer-based remote control and automation. This two-way interaction between the utility and the users and the observation along the transmission lines makes the grid “smart”.

The grid can recognize any faults and allow self-healing of the network. It ensures a more reliable supply of electricity and less susceptibility to disasters. The flexibility of the grids allows the penetration of various renewable energy sources. Thus, Smart Grid is a sustainable technology.

Suppose, an electrical disruption such as a blackout occurs. As a result, any series of failures that follow can affect banking, communications, traffic and security. However, the Smart grid will make the electric power system better prepared to address such emergencies. This is done by allowing automatic rerouting, thanks to its two-way interactive capacity. This will minimize outages and effects. This technology will detect and isolate the outages, containing them before they become large-scale blackouts. This new technology will also help the electricity to resume quickly and strategically after the emergency.

Two-way interaction in a Smart Grid.
Two-way interaction between consumers.

How does a Smart Grid help?

Smart grid brings efficiency and sustainability in supplying electricity to meet the growing demand. It also enables real-time monitoring and control as well as reducing the losses, power quality management, outage management, etc.

Smart grid is applied in various fields. The applications includes: a wide number of generation sources that responds quickly to the demand and also updating the utilities and facilities; computerized controls in homes can help reduce the energy use or consumption during high priced hours; electric utilities which monitors and coordinates distribution using controls, etc.

Many advantages and features of a Smart Grid.
Smart Grid has many advantages and features.

Smart grid provides a lot of features for the benefit of the customers:

  • Real-time monitoring
  • Outage management and quick restoration
  • Better energy management
  • Tracking and managing energy usage
  • Conserving electricity
  • Better facilitation of connections and operations
  • Improve the system reliability, quality and security of supply
  • Improve existing services efficiently

Conclusion

A smart grid consists of millions of parts- controls, power lines, equipment, computers, technologies, etc. The electricity grid is evolving gradually. Once ready, the grid will bring with it a transformation that the Internet had brought to the way we live. Certainly, it represents a huge opportunity for energy industries to move into a new age of reliability, availability and efficiency.

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